Date of publication: 2017-09-04 08:49
Teleology also played a role in his famous theory of the Four Causes. He argued that natural science must not only take into account causes such as origin or form, but also the final aim. Thus health could be called one of the causes of exercise, even while the reverse was also true.
Know the plot of the work. Exposition, Stichomythia, Gestures, Dramatic Irony role of chorus in Greek
drama. Lyricism. What example does Aristotle use from the work and why?
Poetry, as Aristotle defines it, includes epic poetry, tragedy, comedy, dithyrambic poetry, and music (specifically of flute, and lyre). What differentiates these kinds of poetry is the nature of their imitation. He notes three differences.
Once poetry emerged, it evolved in two directions. One group of poems imitated noble actions, or the actions of good men. A second group of poets imitated the actions of meaner persons in the form of satire. The former evolved into tragedy, the latter into epic poetry, then tragic drama.
The Poetics begins quickly and efficiently, unlike a number of Aristotle s other works. Instead of laying out an argument for why the subjects merits such a discussion or an overall thesis for his investigation, he immediately lays out an outline for his work - types of poetry, structure, and division - and begins his systematic analysis.
But before he begins tackling these topics, Aristotle first seeks to define poetry. Poetry, as Aristotle defines it, is first and foremost a medium of imitation, meaning a form of art that seeks to duplicate or represent life. Poetry can imitate life in a number of ways, by representing character, emotion, action, or even everyday objects.
In practice, virtue generally meant the appropriate medium between the two extremes of excess and defect. For example, brashness is an excess of courage, while cowardice is a result of the lack of courage. Courage itself, in this case, is the term used for the proper medium. Finally we might also ask, what is the purpose of virtue? Aristotle believed it was the means to happiness. He considers and dismisses alternatives like pleasure and honor: only a life of virtue can bring about happiness for human beings.
As one critic notes, The preliminaries are over in ten lines. Nothing is said about the purpose of the discussion, what Aristotle hopes to accomplish by it next to nothing about method, or the views of others on poetry. But above all we miss something that stands as preface to every major work of Aristotle s [best work], namely some general statement by way of orientation. (Else, 7). In other words, Aristotle usually presents a notion of the forest, before he begins to look at the trees. But not in the Poetics.
Tragedy began as improvisation and evolved over time, through the contribution of Aeschylus , Sophocles , and others into its natural form of dramatic plot, dialogue, and iambic verse.
Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 8) Distinguished Educator
According to Aristotle, a tragedy must be the imitation of everyday life through a complete story where viewers have the feeling of catharsis or purgation. This catharsis effect is for making viewers feel better or get thrilled.
Define key terms: Plot, Character, Spectacle Hamartia, Catharsis beginnin 8766 ddl d d 8767 P‘
Necessity and Probability, Poesis, Mimesis, Action. g rm e’ an en ’ my and Fear’
What does Aristotle have to say about poetry and history?